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J Korean Acad Women Health Nurs > Volume 7(1); 2001 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of Women's Health Nursing 2001;7(1):7-17.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2001.7.1.7   
Changes of Maternal-fetal Attachment and Self Efficacy for Delivery after the Taekyo-perspective Prenatal Class
Soon Bok Chang1, KiYoung Kim2, Eun Sook Kim1
1College of Nursing Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
2Yongdong Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects on maternal-fetal attachment and self-efficacy for delivery using the Taekyo-oriented prenatal class. This class is for 2 hours/ week for 4 weeks. The program covers the contents of fetal growth and development, including their corresponding ability, the importance of the uterine environment, sharing the motive and purpose of pregnancy, and sharing experiences about pregnancy, Sharing of prejudices against delivery, training of maternal-fetal interaction, understanding delivery, relaxation breathing techniques, maternity exercises, writing letters or prayers to the baby, and declaration of loving the baby. This study took place from March 4th to June 15th, 2000, in a university hospital and community care center, and was done with a pretest-posttest design. It involved 55 pregnant women who were within 32-36 weeks of pregnancy and who agreed to participate in this study. Data was measured twice by self-report using the Cranley's Maternal-fetal Attachment Scale (MFAS, 1981) and the Shin's (1997) Self Efficacy for Delivery Scale at the beginning and at the completion of the class. Data was analyzed by SAS. The study results were: 1. The score of maternal-fetal attachment was significantly increased after the Taekyo perspective prenatal class than before the class. (t = 7.389, p = 0.000) 2. The score of self efficacy for delivery was significantly increased after the Taekyo perspective prenatal class than before the class. (t = 8.885, p = 0.000) The above results proved that the present Taekyo perspective prenatal education program was effective in increasing maternal-infant attachment and self-efficacy for delivery. Therefore, it is concluded that the existing prenatal class should include Taekyo perspective elements. However, further study is needed to compare the effects with preexisting prenatal classes.
Key Words: Taekyo; Prenatal class; Maternal-fetal attachment; Self efficacy for delivery
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