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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 8(2); 2002 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2002;8(2):268-277.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2002.8.2.268   
The Effects of Prenatal Education on Primiparas' Perception of Delivery Experience, Self-Confidence and Satisfaction in Maternal Role Performance
Hyun Ei Oh, Gung Sin Sim, Jin Sun Kim
1Department of Nursing, Chosun University, Korea.
2JAMO Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Gwangju, Korea.
Abstract
A comparative study was conducted to identify the effects of prenatal education on primiparas' self-confidence, satisfaction in maternal role performance and perception of delivery experience. Data were collected from 91 primiparas from August 1 to 30, 2001 using structured questionnaires. The subjects were selected from 2 OB & GY hospitals which operate the same prenatal education programs in M city. One group of subjects was primiparas who did receive prenatal education (n= 44) and another group of subjects was primiparas who did not receive prenatal education (n= 47). This study hypothesized that primiparas in education group would have higher self- confidence, satisfaction in maternal role performance and perception of delivery experience than those of non-education group. Descriptive statistics, X(2)-test, t-test, and correlation were used for data analyses. The results of this study were as follows: 1.Primiparas in prenatal education group would not have better perception of delivery experience than those of non-education group (t= 1.405, p = 0.163). 2.Primiparas in prenatal education group would have higher self-confidence in maternal role performance than those of non-education group (t=7.669, p= 0.000). 3.Primiparas in prenatal education group would have higher satisfaction in maternal role performance than those of non- education group (t= 4.115, p = 0.000). 4.There was significant correlations between self-confidence and satisfaction (r= 0.489, p= 0.000). Moreover, there was significant correlation between self-confidence and perception of delivery experience (r = 0.284, p = 0.006). The results of this study indicated that prenatal education needs to be developed and applied to nursing practice to increase self-confidence and satisfaction in maternal role performance. Experimental studies are needed to identify the effect of prenatal education.
Key Words: Prenatal education; Primipara; Perception of delivery experience; Self-confidence; Satisfaction


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